The text I will reflect on is “How to manage the migrant crisis” retrieved from the online version of The Economist newspaper.
Even though the situation managed by the EU regarding the migrant crisis was partly known to me, what struggled me the most while reading this article was to actually better realize some of the crucial points of the whole deal. The text introduces the inevitably wrong steps that EU have been doing under the last few years regarding this issue, and suggests some of the steps which instead should be advanced in order to start to make the situation more accepteable. Primarily, it is the missed action of the EU to share the amount of refugees among the various countries. The stunning consequences that we are witnessing now are the result from the extreme freedom which was given to the different countries, namely the absence of any collaborative plan. As a consequence, on the one hand countries such Germany and Sweden have decided to adopt policies of opedness. On the other hand, countries such as Hungary, Macedonia and Italy have for one or another reason ended up either rejecting refugees asking for asylum or leaving them free to ask asylum in another European country.
Related to the previous point, it that of the Dublin Regulation. It came into force in 1997, but showed its effects especially in the last few years. This agreement put refugees in the situation of not being able to ask for asylum in a country different from the one in which they registered first. To follow this plan, countries which first receive refugees are requested to register their identity. Few checking actions have led to the chance, for those state governments who do not want to host refugees, to the possibility to not collect IDs, therefore escaping from the duty of processing their requests of asylum.
I would like to point out my opinion regarding the Schengen Area. I think that if we take in count the last few years events, this agreement shows us all of its controversies. Simply speaking, if EU demands to control all the flow of refugees travelling to Europe, the Schengen agreement cannot be totally accepted longer. Moreover, living in Sweden for a while I found out about the presence of another agreement which involves all the Nordic countries. Most of the times though, Sweds travelling to Norway are not required to show their ID, especially because also the Schengen Area rules apply to them – but still, how is people to understand whether that person is European or not? Therefore, I think that there are still many controversies and things which should be clarified when it comes to IDs checks. In the last few weeks, countries such as Denmark, Austria and Germany have been introducing border checks, and this make things messing up because no political bodies are either punishing or clarifiying the situation. Even though Schengen Area agreements permits liberal circulation among European countries – and so does the Nordic countries union – control checks are still required for people crossing countries. The question is, have countries never cared about the rules about border checks, or are we now facing the start of new racist policies? I think that the countries belonging to the European Union should have definitely signed an agreement of cooperation to solve the migrant crisis. Firstly sharing the number of refugees, secondly dividing the economic and humanitarian aids expenses to address to countries facing war and poverty.
To finish, I would like to say that what should be done is to educate people about the situation and individual condition of refugees. Often, I happen to hear that an Italian – or European in general – who moves abroad is someone who is “building his/her future”. Sadly, refugees coming to Europe are most often pointed out as “immigrants” to which a negative connotation is related. A more open view of the situation by most of the inhabitants of the European Union would lead to a better political management of the issue.